FAQs about Islam

The central message of Islam is belief in the notion that there is no God worthy of worship except for Allah (SWT) and that the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) was the last and final messenger of Allah (SWT). To be a Muslim you must submit yourself wholly to Allah (SWT) and live your life following His guidance.

Muslims believe that Allah (SWT) is the creator, controller and owner of the universe- and everything within it. He has complete control at every level and by His permission, human beings have been given free will to act upon.

Allah (SWT) is the only God worthy of worship, and all forms of worship such as prayers and supplications must be directed to Him alone. He is unique in His names and attributes and there is nothing like Him. Muslims also believe in all the previous Prophets: such as Adam, Jesus, Moses, Abraham and Noah.

The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) delivered the final message of Allah (SWT) in the form of the Quran, which is His direct word to us.

What is the message of Islam?

What are the 5 pillars of Islam?

1. Testimony of Faith:

 

This means that a Muslim must verbally testify as well as internalise the belief that there is no deity worth of worship except Allah (SWT) -the one and only God- and that Muhammad (ﷺ) is the servant and final messenger of Allah (SWT).

2. Establishing the Prayer

 

Muslims believe that Allah (SWT) created mankind for the purpose of His worship and servitude. The prayer is a vital form of worship that connects one to their Lord and Creator. Our daily lives can often be hectic, so having time to pray, reflect and invoke one’s Lord reminds us of our purpose in life. Muslims are obliged to pray five times a day. Prayer is performed at different times throughout the day; dawn, midday, late afternoon, sunset, and night. Each prayer has various numbers of movements and positions that are performed: including standing, bowing and prostration.

All Muslims face the same direction when offering their prayer, and that is the direction of the Ka’ba in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

 

3. Annual Charity (Zakat)

 

Muslims have been given the responsibility to take care of the poor and needy in society. The annual charity requires Muslims to donate 2.5% of their surplus wealth, which is collected and

distributed to those who are eligible to receive it. Muslims believe that everything belongs to Allah (SWT), therefore your wealth being part of that is held in trust. The giving of a portion of our wealth to those in need is a purification for the one who gives it away, and a benefit to the one who receives it.

 

4. Fasting

 

Every year there is a month called Ramadan in which Muslims are obliged to fast for the duration of the entire month. The daily fast begins from dawn and ends at sunset. During the fast Muslims abstain from food, drink and marital relations and they must also discipline themselves in controlling their temper and manners. Fasting has been prescribed to Muslims as a means of attaining a higher level of piety and God consciousness, through abstaining from the aforementioned activities.

 

5. Pilgrimage (Hajj)

 

The major Pilgrimage (Hajj) is to travel to Makkah, Saudi Arabia at least once in your lifetime in order to carry out various acts of worship. Every Muslim is obliged to make this trip if they are physically and financially capable of doing so. The Pilgrimage begins in the 12th month of the Islamic calendar and lasts for 3 days. Pilgrims from all over the world gather in Makkah to perform the pilgrimage and will all be dressed in the same white garments signifying their equality. This dress code strips worshippers of the distinctions of class and culture, and all are equal before Allah (SWT).

1- Belief in Allah (SWT)

 

To believe that Allah (SWT) is the One God to whom worship is due; that He is the Creator and the Sustainer of everything; that it is He who gives life and causes death, and that He is Unique in His Names and Attributes.

2- Belief in the Angels

 

Allah (SWT) has created the angels from light. They are honourable slaves of Allah (SWT); they obey Him and execute His Commands. Allah (SWT) describes the angels by saying: “…They do not disobey Allah in what He commands them but do what they are commanded.” [Quran: 66:6]

Allah (SWT) created the angels to worship Him, and only Allah (SWT) knows how many they are in number. Among them are:

Jibreel (Gabriel) who is charged with delivering Divine revelations to the Prophets and Messengers of Allah (SWT), Meekaa’eel (Michael) who is charged with sending rain, The Angel of Death who is charged with collecting human souls, The bearers of the Throne of Allah, and many others.

 

3. Belief in the Divine Revelations (Books)

 

Belief in His Books is believing that Allah (SWT) the Exalted revealed Books to His Messengers to convey them to their people. Those Books comprise the words of Allah (SWT). These were undoubtedly pure at the point of their revelation, and whenever a Book or Scripture was revealed, it abrogated the preceding one. The known Divine Scriptures are:

1. The Torah (Tawrat), the Book that Allah revealed to Musa (Moses), may Allah exalt his mention.

2. The Psalms (Zaboor), the Book revealed to Daawood (David), may Allah exalt his mention.

3. The Gospel (Injeel), revealed to ‘Eesa (Jesus), may Allah exalt his mention.

The Books in the hands of the Christians and Jews today, that is the Torah and the Bible with the Old and the New Testaments, are inauthentic because they have been distorted, altered and tampered with. Moreover, they have been abrogated by the last of Allah’s Books, the Quran.

 

4- Belief in the Prophets of God

 

Muslims believe that Allah (SWT) sent Messengers to every nation, inviting them to worship Him Alone. They also believe that all the Messengers were truthful and discharged their duty in the best manner. Allah (SWT) sent many messengers, and only He knows how many. It is incumbent upon all Muslims to believe in all the Prophets and Messengers. He who denies one of them denies them all. The first messenger that Allah had sent to mankind was Nooh (Noah), may Allah exalt his mention, and the last one was Muhammad (ﷺ).

Allah (SWT) says: {And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying]: ‘Worship Allah and avoid Taaghoot (i.e., false deities) …} [Quran: 16:36]

Of all the Messengers, there are five who were the most persevering and determined to do what Allah had enjoined upon them. They were Nooh, Ibraheem (Abraham), Moosa, ‘Eesa and Muhammad (ﷺ). Muhammad (ﷺ) was the last and the best of them all, and remains the best of all human beings.

 

5- Belief in the resurrection after death and the Day of Judgment

 

Muslims believe that Allah (SWT) has set a pre-determined time period for the whole universe, whose end will be the Final Hour. During the Final Hour, everyone will be questioned on their deeds in this world and those deeds will be weighed for them. The one whose good deeds outweigh his evil deeds will prosper, while him whose bad deeds outweigh his good ones will be condemned to Hellfire – unless he died in the state of Islam. Then, Allah (SWT) would either forgive him or punish him, and eventually he would enter paradise. Moreover, Islam is the precondition for the acceptance of any good deed.

 

6- Belief in Qadar (predestination)

 

Al-Qadr is an Arabic word meaning Allah’s predestination of measurements and sustenance of everything and everyone, according to His Knowledge and Wisdom. It comprises the following four aspects:

1. Knowledge – The belief that Allah’s knowledge encompasses everything,

2. Pre-Recording – The belief that Allah (SWT) recorded everything in a Tablet that He kept with Himself, called ‘Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooth’ (The Preserved Tablet).

 

3. The Will of Allah (SWT) – The belief that nothing, whether related to Allah’s actions or the actions taken by His slaves, can occur without His permission. Allah (SWT) Says: “And your Lord creates what He wills and chooses…” [Quran 28:68]

4. Creation – The belief that Allah (SWT) created all creation, all what they possess of attributes, and all their actions. Allah Says : “Allah is the Creator of all things, and He is, over all things, Disposer of affairs.” [Quran 39:62]

What are the key articles of faith in Islam?

A short biography of the Prophet Muhammad

Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Mutallib (ﷺ) was born around 570 A.D in Mecca. His father Abdullah died before he was born, and he lost his mother at the age of six. He was raised at first by his grandfather Abdul-Mutallib, and then his uncle Abu Talib. He belonged to a respectable family of the Quraysh tribe.

Many of the tribes living in the Arabian Peninsula at the time were polytheistic, worshipping Idols. The city of Mecca was home to the famous site of the Ka’ba, which was built by Prophet Ibrahim as a sacred house of worship to Allah (SWT). However, sadly the people of Mecca gradually turned to idolatry.

Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) in his early years earned a reputation as being honest and sincere, acquiring the nickname “Al-Sadiq al-Amin” meaning truthful and trustworthy.

At the age of forty, the first verses came down to prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) from Allah (SWT) in the month of Ramadan. The Angel Jibreel brought the first five verses of the Quran to Prophet Muhammad ((ﷺ). This revelation (The Quran) was then relayed gradually over the next 23 years, focusing on monotheism (Tawheed), worship and stories of the past and morality. The Quran was written down by the scribes and memorised by the Muslims. This universal message is the word of Allah (SWT) and a guidance to humanity.

Islam is the culmination of the universal message of God taught by all His prophets. Muslims believe that a prophet was chosen for every nation at some point throughout history, enjoining them to worship Allah (SWT) alone, and delivering them guidance on how to live a meaningful and God conscious life. Some of the prophets of Allah (SWT) include Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad, peace be upon them all. The prophets all consistently conveyed the divine message of worshiping one God (Tawheed), along with specific societal laws for each nation’s circumstances.

So yes, Islam is a universal religion in the sense that its Prophets were sent to all people of the world, regardless of their race, colour, culture, traditions and geographical location. As stated in the Qur’an, “We have only sent you (O Muhammad) as a mercy to all the worlds.” (Soorat Al-Anbiyaa’, 21:107)

Is Islam considered a universal religion?

Can anyone be a Muslim?

How do I become a Muslim?

 

Literally anyone can become a Muslim if they so choose. Becoming a Muslim is a simple and easy process. All that is required of a person is to say the Testimony of Faith (Shahada), which encompasses the following sentence:

“La ilaha illa Allah, Muhammad rasoolu Allah.”

These Arabic words mean, “There is no god (deity) worthy of worship but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger (Prophet) of God.” Once a person says the Testimony of Faith (Shahada) with conviction and understanding of its meaning, then he/she has become a Muslim.

The first part, “There is no true deity but God,” means that none has the right to be worshipped but God alone, and that God has neither any partners nor son. The second part means that Muhammad was a true Prophet sent by God to humankind.

 

To be a Muslim, one should also:

 

  • Believe that the Holy Quran is the literal word of Allah (SWT), revealed by Him.
  • Believe that the Judgment Day (Resurrection Day) is true and will come.
  • Believe in the prophets that Allah (SWT) sent, the books that He revealed, and in His angels.
  • Accept Islam as his/her religion.
  • Not worship anything nor anyone except God.

The scripture of the Muslims is The Qur’an. It was revealed in stages to the Prophet Muhammad over 23 years.

The Quran is the literal word of Allah (SWT) almighty. It consists of 114 surahs, (chapters) the longest being Surah Baqarah (The Cow) with 286 verses. The shortest is Surah Al-Kawther (abundance) which has 3 verses. The Quran is not the only scripture revealed by Allah (SWT) to his prophets, there were many books before it- such as the Torah, Injeel and Zabur given to the prophets Musa, Esa and Dawud respectively.

All these previous scriptures have been altered and corrupted, and the Quran is the only reliable book alive today. It was revealed in order to correct any errors in previous holy books, and to guide humanity to the straight path.

What is the scripture of the Muslims?